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Confused Words in English
Confused Words in English

Commonly Confused Words in English

 

There are many commonly confused words in the English language. Below is a list of commonly confused words for ESL Learners.

 

TO vs TOO

 

What is the difference between To vs Too?

 

To

 

  • Is a preposition

 

Examples: She stood up and walked to the window.

 

  • Shows the infinitive form of a verb

 

Examples: Are you ready to start?

 

Too

 

  • Means “as well” or “also”

 

Examples: “I’m feeling hungry.” – “Me too.”

 

  • Conveys the idea of “in excess”

 

Examples: I ate too quickly and got hiccoughs.

 

TO and TOO

WHO vs WHOM

 

The difference between who vs whom in English.

 

Who

 

  • Is a subject pronoun
  • Used to ask which person does an action or which person is a certain way

 

Examples: Who are you?

 

Whom

 

  • Is an object pronoun
  • Used to ask which person receives an action

 

Examples: I met a man with whom I used to work.

 

WHO and WHOM

JUST vs ALREADY

 

How to use Just vs Already correctly?

 

Already

 

Means “even”, “something has happened earlier

 

Examples: He hasn’t already read this book.

 

Just

 

Means “just before”, “a short time ago

 

Examples: Mr. Thomas has just bought a new shirt.

 

JUST vs ALREADY

LESS vs FEWER

 

What’s the difference between Less vs Fewer?

 

Less

 

  • Used when talking about things that are uncountable or have no plural
  • Is compatible with collective nouns, non-countable nouns, and volumes

 

Examples: We must try to spend less money.

Fewer

 

  • Used when talking about things or people in the plural
  • Used countable nouns and individual items

 

Examples: She needs fewer clothes this month.

 

LESS vs. FEWER

MUCH vs MANY

 

How to Use Much vs Many Correctly?

 

Much

 

  • Means a large amount of, or a lot in quantity
  • Used with uncountable nouns. It is mainly used in negative and interrogative clauses.

 

Examples: I don’t have much money.

 

Many

 

  • Means a large number of, or a lot in number
  • Used with countable nouns. It is mainly used in questions, affirmative sentences, and negations

 

Examples: How many people were there at the concert?

 

MUCH vs. MANY

 

SOME vs ANY

 

Differences between Some vs Any in English.

 

Some

 

Used to mean “a little” and “a few

 

Examples: He has bought some tropical fruits.

 

Any

 

Used to mean “no” or “zero

 

Examples: Do you have any tickets for the concert?

 

SOME vs ANY

 

DESPITE vs ALTHOUGH

 

Learn the differences between Despite vs Although.

 

Despite

 

  • Is a preposition
  • After despite we use a noun or a pronoun

 

Examples: Despite all the difficulties, he still remains optimistic.

 

Although

 

  • Is a subordinating conjunction
  • After although we use a clause

 

Examples: Although she often disagreed with me, she was always courteous.

 

DESPITE vs. ALTHOUGH

List of Commonly Confused Words | Picture

 

Commonly Confused Words