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16 Tenses in English Grammar

Verb Tenses are different forms of verbs describing something happened in the past, happening at present or will happen in the future. By expanding these three forms, you will learn 16 tenses in all.

There are three main types of verb tenses past, present and future. 

 

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PRESENT TENSE

 

Present tense shows the current action that is going to be performed. It has four types which are briefly described here.

 

1. Simple Present Tense

 

Structure

 

Subject + Verb (vI) + es/es

 

Examples

 

  1. I take exercise daily.
  2. She reads book in library.

 

2. Present Continuous Tense

 

Structure

Subject + is/am/are + Verb(+ing)

 

Example

 

  1. He is playing football.
  2. I am studying in a high school.

 

3. Present Perfect Tense

 

Structure

 

Subject + Has/have + Verb (v3)

 

Example

 

  1. He has made this colorful chart.
  2. I have completed my assignment.

 

 

4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

 

Structure

 

Subject + Has/have + been + Verb(+ing)

 

Example

 

  1. I have been completing my assignment for the last three days.
  2. She has been working in this department since 2017.

 

PAST TENSE

 

Past tense expresses the actions that happened in the past. It has also four types.

 

5. Simple Past Tense

 

Structure

 

Subject + Verb (v2) or irregular verb:

 

Example

 

  1.  He completed the assignment.
  2. I read the newspaper.

 

6. Past Continuous Tense

 

Structure

 

Subject + was/were + Verb(+ing)

 

Example

 

  1. He was reading the book.
  2. I was going to the park for morning walk.

 

7. Past Perfect Tense

 

Structure

 

Subject + had + Verb (v3)

 

Example

 

  1. I had finished my home work.
  2. He had completed his task.

 

8. Past Perfect Continuous Tense

 

Structure

 

Subject + had + been + Verb(+ing)

 

Example

 

  1.  He had been completing his assignment for the last two hours.
  2. I had been playing football since morning.

 

FUTURE TENSE

 

9. Simple Future Tense

 

Structure

 

Subject+ will/shall+ verb(v1)

 

Example

 

  1. I shall go to the park for a walk.
  2. She will perform his duty.

 

10. Future Continuous Tense

 

Structure

 

Subject + will be/shall be + verb(+ing)

 

Example

 

  1. He will be playing football.
  2. We shall be eating the meal.

 

11. Future Perfect Tense

 

Structure

 

Subject + will have + verb(v3)

 

Example

 

  1. He will have played football.
  2. I will have completed my assignment.

 

12. Future Perfect Continuous Tense

 

Structure

 

Subject + will have been + verb(+ing)

 

Example

 

He will have been watching the football match for over fifty minutes.

 

PAST FUTURE TENSE

 

13. Past Future Tense

 

Structure

 

Subject + would + verb (v1)

 

Example

 

I told that I would leave in one hour.

 

14. Past Future Continuous Tense

 

Structure

 

Subject + should be/would be + Verb(+ing)

 

Example

 

I told that I would be doing my home work all the day long.

 

15. Past Future Perfect Tense

 

Structure

 

Subject + should have/ would have + Verb(v3)

 

Example

 

She said that she would have completed her assignment.

 

16. Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

 

Structure

 

Subject + would have been + Verb(+ing)

 

Example

 

He said that I should have been working here for two hours by that time.

Future tense expresses the actions that have not happened yet OR “the actions that will likely to happen in future”. Its four types are described here.

 

 

16 tenses (structure and examples)